Fitch Ratings forecasts a 4.5% GDP decrease for Romania in 2009, warning that only time will tell whether foreign banks will respect their commitment and keep their capital in the country. The financial crisis exposed Romania's banks to high risks, a Fitch special report reveals. Romania's banking system is 88% controlled by foreign banks, and Fitch estimates that there will be certain difficulties for the Romanian branches to obtain financing from abroad.

Regarding the IMF loan, Fitch experts distrust the commitment foreign banks agreed to take, namely to maintain the capital of Romanian branches in Romania. Nine foreign banks took this agreement:

Erste Bank

Raiffeisen International

Eurobank EFG

National Bank of Greece


Société Générale

Alpha Bank


Piraeus Bank